Mediums With Some Basic Tips

Art Therapy Therapeutic Discipline Visual

This report reviews a few of the more popular oil painting mediums, their purpose, and some advice on how best to use them. The purpose of adding these materials to your own oil paints would be to alter the behavior of the paint during application and affecting results after the painting dries. Behavior describes the way the paint comes off the brush and slips on the surface, how it covers either the surface or succeeding layers, and just how it feels as you apply it.

Brands of paint behave differently and mediums allow you to control the paint how you want it to act as you use it. Some paint manufacturers –and here I am only referring to the artist grade paints rather than the student grades–are stiffer right out of the tube. Student grades have less pigment and more fillers like additional oil and simply don’t perform well. If you use those paints that are stiffer out of the tube, but want more versatility in the way they handle, or behave, you’ll require a medium. Other artist grade paints are what I call fluffier and go on more easily right from the tube. If you would like brush strokes apparent in your final painting, a stiffer paint works better. Adding a refined linseed oil in tiny amounts until it seems right to you will promote the paint to level out and reveal less strokes. Less linseed oil and more strokes will show. Always remember to never put a faster drying layer on a slow drying layer of paint.

Glazing mediums permit you to apply thin layers of paint and construct color and luminosity with the viewer’s eye mix the colors as opposed to mixing the paint on the palette or canvas. With a medium like Liquin by Winsor & Newton speeds drying time while thinning the paint allowing layers to be built without waiting a couple of days for each layer to dry before you apply another layer. Additionally, there are glazing mediums accessible like A conventional medium used for decades by many painters is refined linseed oil, a touch of solvent (typically mineral spirits), and a touch of stand oil, and a touch of Japan or Cobalt Drier These Rat Poop ingredients are blended in a balance to achieve your desired results, like faster drying time, more gloss, etc.. ) Stand oil is merely a thicker linseed oil that can decrease brush strokes and increase gloss. Adding Damar varnish to your mixture also adds gloss and can speed drying time. Damar varnish is made of tree resin and alkyd is a form of synthetic resin.

There are several mediums and I suggest that you try several until you find what works best for your style of painting. Along with those mentioned above are safflower oil, poppy seed oil, and walnut oil.

Get Some Excellent and Quality Cat Beds for Your Meowing Friend

Cat, Bed, Relaxed, Sleep, Tired Tabby

Your kitty must be sweet and endearing to convince you to get her an excellent and quality cat bed. To solve your worries on what specific bed to get for your cat, go for online shopping, here you can choose from varieties of bed collections.

These days online shops are evolving into the first choice for almost all shoppers. Because of their multiple benefits and enormous alternatives, more people are logging on rather than heading out.

Adore Your Meowing Friend with the Ideal Cat Supplies

Cats are the fantastic pet and maintained as an important part of the household. You like to adore your meowing friend, purchase her accessories and best cat food. To create a magnificent effect one can pick the best kind of item which will create a paradise and change the overall decoration differently.

If you’re seeking some quality cat beds online, then begin your online shopping. Pick the best piece with the new and attractive appearance. Do not forget about colours and patterns that play a significant role in creating a fantastic decoration for your meowing companion.

Get Quality Beds from Trusted Leaders Online

Get high quality beds and create a few admiring impact on the surrounding for your best friend. It is wise not to buy sleeping beds for a cat immediately; first of all, you need to evaluate the sleeping habits of your meowing companion.

In case, you have a cat that likes to stretch out, then buy her with a beautiful rectangular pillow or designed in stage fork. Observe certain things before you choose any item. Get quality beds from trusted leaders.

Heated Beds and Pads are Available Especially for Cats

The one thing cats enjoy more than sleeping is to sleep in the sunlight.

The best thing is that these products are available in different size, shape and designs; you can buy any of them that suited your furry friend finest.

Provide a Place of Safety, Comfort and Security

If you would like to pamper your lovely kitty and let her get a good night’s rest she wants, then you find the perfect and comfortable bed for her.

A good base provides her with a place of security, comfort and security. Buy cat bed, making certain it has a surface that may be cleaned easily.

Put Icing on the Cake with the Outstanding Cat Products

When, you bring any cat to your home, initially try to create a special bond with your kitty. As soon as you have acquired this relation, place the icing on the cake with Melbourne FL Wildlife Removal for your feline friend. Owning cat beds and innovative cat toys will work as a jumpstart your cat’s sense of importance for you.

I wish you would have liked my article. Being a long-time cat owner, I am passionate about encouraging cat health and well-being. The motto to write this article is to let you know more, how you can make your cat’s living more comfortable and relaxing.

Things About Insomnia

Good Night Sleep Fall Asleep Insomnia Bed

Probably everyone has had Lacey Lakeview Wildlife Removal once in his lifetime a heavy night of sleep in which he could not sleep.

A storm or a too late and very consistent dinner are simply two examples which can lead to sleep issues.

From a medical viewpoint, insomnia is the problem of falling asleep when it requires more than 45 minutes to fall asleep.

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that manifests by reducing the duration and depth. May result from painful abdominal disasters, neuralgia, hypertension, neurosis, psychosis, encephalitis, intoxication, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, emotional crisis etc..

– chronic insomnia: that lasts for several weeks, months or years;

– transient insomnia: it only lasts for many nights and is caused by an unpleasant event that produces dissatisfaction or frustration.

Complete persistent insomnia is characterized by a permanent fatigue; the patient almost can not fall asleep, and in the morning he’s in a state of melancholy. It can be prevented by following a reasonable work and rest regime and by administering painkillers or sleeping pills.

Sleep is indispensable to life, exactly like food and water. That’s why, in the last 25 years, scientists have given the phenomenon a particular focus, which has brought to the discovery of many interesting items.

We need sleep to grow, restore and work to optimum parameters. Memory and vigilance are contingent on the level of sleep, as well the ability to concentrate and learn, therefore, while sleeping our brain is re-energizing, cells are regenerate.

Also lack of sleep may cause an increase in weight by about 900 grams per week because we are disturbed by hormonal balance and we will feel the need to eat more frequently.

REM sleep in which we have dreams, happens in gust, about 90 minutes after falling asleep, usually summing up about 2 hours per night. Some scientists think that dreams help us to set memories in memory in the long term. Others, on the contrary, think that dreams help us eliminate some memories which are over that overlap and which otherwise would block brain activity.

REM sleep can play an important role in brain development. Premature babies sleep is 75 percent of the REM phase, this means 10% more than in the case of term infants.

Also, fatigue brought on by poor sleep causes 1 in 6 fatal road injuries.

Is Your Environment Making You Sick and What You Can Do About It?

Boy Cranky Sad Laying Down Couch Child Kid

We encounter harmful toxins indoors and outdoors including industrial chemicals and pollutants everywhere. These pollutants are in our homes, at our jobs, where we store, or anywhere else we might go. They are about the furniture we sit on, the carpets we walk on, the clothes we wear, the cleaner or detergent we use to wash our clothes and wash our home. Many are in the foods we eat daily. We ingest them through touch, breathing the air and through our skin, nose, mouth, and ears.

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), at least 25 percent of health problems are caused or linked to environmental factors. I personally feel that the health issues caused about our environment is much higher than what the statics show. Toxins in the atmosphere have been linked to health conditions and ailments such as allergies, asthma, New York Animal Removal, diabetes, premature puberty, cancer, reduced fertility, early puberty, premature birth, learning disabilities such as Autism and much more.

There are changes you can make in your environment and personal life which can help to promote a healthier lifestyle and better overall health for you and your family.

Switch from toxic chemical cleansers that contain harmful ingredients including fragrances that are harmful to your health and use eco friendly, green cleaning products or create your own DIY cleaners. You can create your own cleaners or clean by using baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, lemons, vinegar that are a few of the very best cleaners. The best part is there is no health risks and will safe you money. Add some essential oils to get an inviting fragrance: such as orange, peppermint oil, or rose oil.
Change from chemical dyes and use organic, environmentally friendly options. No one needs bugs crawling around in their own homes but make sure you make healthy choices and search online for organic, natural pest control that are safe for humans and animals. One way that I like to control insect is take peppermint essential oil and place a couple of drops of the oil in a sprayer full of water and spray anywhere you find bugs. Most bugs hate the smell of peppermint. Another helpful tip is try growing your own peppermint plants indoors that helps clean the air while it is keeps the bugs at bay. Air cleaners with hepa filter are recommended by many health care providers. Check to be certain you buy one that cleans compounds, dust, mold, and do your homework before purchasing to make sure you are getting the best quality for your buck.
Take your shoes off at the door and have a comfy pair of shoes that you just wear inside at the doorway to slip. You’re surprised at how much cleaner your home will stay and how much cleaner your atmosphere is.
Check you kitchen for toxic products. Plastic container shouldn’t use especially for heating food or storing foods. Use glass jars or storage containers that wouldn’t leak toxins into your food. Don’t use toxic cookware like teflon coated pans or skillets that has been linked to many health problems.
Try growing your own food with an organic garden. Make your own compost from food scraps and pull weeds instead of using pesticides. Use natural ways of controlling bugs like, Neem oil, or check online for many DIY recipes that are very effective.
Learn how to find time every day to be silent . Noise is everywhere we go and surrounds us.Noise pollution is a fact that so many people need to deal with each and every day. Make a daily effort to find quiet time and turn your TV off and any other electronic gadgets.
Its time to take control of your health. It’s not always possible to control what happens outside of our home but we can control what happens inside our dwelling. Make you home a health refuge for a healthier, happier and longer life for you and your loved ones.

Make Your Mouth Water

Chocolate, Dark, Coffee, Confiserie

Most of the commercial chocolate bars we buy and eat are full of sugar. But eating dark chocolate, made from cocoa seed, really has lots of health benefits. Said to be among the best sources of antioxidant, a 100 g bar of the dark variety comprises a good amount of fiber, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium and many other nutrients. It’s also thought to help improve blood circulation and lower blood pressure. But like any other sweet treat, don’t forget to eat it in moderation!

2 cup yoghurt
1/2 cup brown sugar
1/4 cup dark chocolate chips
1/4 cup sliced almonds
1/4 cup sweetened dried cranberries
2 tablespoons Melbourne Animal Removal
2 tablespoons peanut butter
2 tablespoons butter-flavored spread
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/4 tsp salt
Non-stick cooking spray
In a saucepan over low heat, mix together brown sugar, honey, peanut butter, vanilla and spread extract. Stir until ingredients are mixed well. Remove from heat. In a large bowl, combine oats, cinnamon and salt then pour lemon butter mixture into the bowl. Add dark chocolate, almonds and cranberries. Cook in a pre-heated oven (175 degrees Celsius) for 15 to 18 minutes, or until browned.

3 cups semi-sweet dark chocolate chips
1 3/4 cup sweetened condensed milk
1/2 cup crushed peppermint candies
1/4 cup butter
1 1/2 teaspoons pure mint extract
1 pinch salt
In a microwave-safe bowl, mix together dark chocolate, condensed milk, butter, mint extract and salt. Stir until ingredients are well-combined. Melt in the microwave over medium-high heat for 5 to 7 minutes or until chips are melted. Remove from heat and mix in peppermint candies. Pour mixture in an 8×8 silicone baking dish, cover and simmer for 1 hour or until set.

Easy Dark Chocolate Mousse

What you need:

2 egg yolks
1/2 cup plus 1 tablespoon heavy whipping cream, chilled
1/4 cup chopped dark chocolate
4 tablespoons water
1 tbsp butter
1 tablespoon sugar
1/8 teaspoon ground dried chipotle pepper
1 tiny pinch salt
In a tiny heat-proof bowl, mix together dark chocolate, 2 tablespoons water, butter, chipotle pepper and salt. Fill a saucepan with water and simmer over low heat. Place bowl over pan of simmering water until butter melts, stir until mixture is smooth. Set aside to cool. In a separate heat-proof bowl, whisk together egg yolks, 2 tablespoons water and sugar. Place over the pan of simmering water and stir until mixture is hot, about 3 minutes. Pour egg mixture into the chocolate mixture and stir until smooth. Allow to cool to room temperature. Gently fold in whipping cream to the mix. Divide mixture into ramekins. Cover and simmer for at least 4 hours before serving.

Try these drool-worthy dark chocolate recipes and you’ll love sweet treats even more!

The Delicious Black and White Pop Suckers for Various Occasions

Candy, Christmas, Sucker, Peppermint

Among various fun candy, swirl pops are the one that can be found in certain color options like rainbow, white and black, white and red and so forth. The swirl pop candies are made in this way that these can be sucked or bitten, until consumed.

Each pop consists of hard candy with a firm, sturdy and long stick, such that the hands remain away from mouth, while it is being consumed or sucked. Together with elegant black and white look, these are enriched in cherry and mixed berry flavors.

The pops are beloved by the children and adults also.

Concerning about the fact that the candy is to be sucked, it is made hard. There are various manufacturing steps to be gotten, before the final product is obtained and individually wrapped.The mix of ingredients such as sugar, glucose, water and corn syrup are used to manufacture these and later on, citric acid can also be added to lower the extra sweetness and also to promote the taste flavors.

These black and white lollipops don’t have any nuts or their traces but the colour is added. These round shaped lollipops have 3 inch diameter with overall 7 inches length from top to bottom of the rod. These hypnotizing and alluring swirl pops enhance the attire of candy buffet or sweet displays in any party. These candies are fantastic for yummy and mesmerizing treats for the occasions like get together, themed parties, formal and enjoyable events and are consumed in massive quantities. Even for the festivals such as Halloween and Easter these are used as sweet treat for children. With crisp white and black stripes, these remain perfect for white and black parties too.

Whether it is a necessity of a small or large event, these jumbo lollipops can be shipped fast through the online shops of the suppliers. An individual need not to search for the corner candy stores, where this product isn’t in the stock most of the times. Certain suppliers freshly stock and properly package this product for the on time and secured delivery of it.

The Kyle Wildlife Removal is one of the brand manufacturers of these awesome black and white lollipops, and the suppliers have this brand also in their inventory. The customers can buy certain pieces of the item or can even purchase those lollipops on majority within 1-3 business days. They can even save a little amount of money on the bulk purchase of those products.

You Want To Buy A House

Large Home Residential House Architecture

There’s absolutely no such thing, as a one – size – fits – all reason, or set of reasons, folks decide, or desire, to purchase, a house, of their own. Some do it, because of family needs, others may want to own pets, and so on, and others, decide it makes more financial sense to possess (than continue leasing ), and/ or need to live, somewhere, where they may put, their private seal, on the lodging, or seek a specific lot of land, etc.. These are just, a few of the reasons, but to ensure, one buys, when it serves their best – interests, and does so, intelligently, and in a concentrated manner, prospective homeowners should definitely know their private reasons, thoroughly, and in a somewhat, objective way.

1. : having a house of your own, requires accepting a much greater degree of personal and fiscal responsibility, than renting. Can you qualify for an affordable mortgage? Have you ever saved, and accumulated significant reserves, so as to be prepared, and prepared, for any foreseeable potential? Wise homeowners put together reserves for repairs, renovations, updates, and maintenance, etc, as well as possessing a mortgage book, of approximately 6 – 9 months, equivalence. Since, for most, the value of your property, represents your single – largest, financial asset, doesn’t it make sense, to proceed wisely, and in a focused way?

2. Area/ neighborhood: When you rent, your rental is for a limited time, therefore it’s rather simple, and straight – forward, to relocate to a different area, if you discover you, either don’t like the specific area, locality, Port St Lucie Animal Removal, region, or house, or if your life circumstances, alter, such as employment, etc.. Evidently, since selling a home, is a little more complicated, timely, and less predictable, this should be one factor, before proceeding.

3. Really need to own a pet or pets: Only a minority of rentals, permit people to own pets, and, even, then, must be clearly specified, and is often limited. For true pet lovers, who simply don’t want to be without a beloved pet, it might be one reason to buy a house.

4. Some adore having a bigger lot, possibly for flowers, gardens, etc.. Others wish to have place for pools, patios, or convenient areas for their pets, to roam. However, others do not need that type of responsibility, and/ or can’t afford to keep these (Is not that one reason, some prefer condominiums?) . While some want large lots, others search somewhat less. Know thy self!

5. Mortgages: Most home buyers purchase homes, with the aid, of a mortgage loan. Remember, your payment includes principal, interest, property taxes (and other escrow items including insurance, etc). Don’t become, house – rich, and lifestyle – poor!

Before buying your home, fully consider your needs, desires, wants, and means, and proceed, wisely, and in a manner, where ownership will be a pleasure, rather than a stress! Are you going to move wisely, or impulsively?

Are You Missing This Essential Step?

Blue Eyes, Woman, Female, Makeup, Model

If you are like me you are a regular in the cosmetics aisle. Perusing the shelves, sampling the latest in lipstick formulas, eyeliners, and foundations in search of a flawless finish. Some people fell in love with makeup while creating a mess at our mother’s dressing table and women, a number of us never grew out of it.

Don’t worry, you’re not alone!

But being the makeup junkies we are the practice of taking off it is just as important if not more than the practice of placing it on. An impeccable beat starts with a perfect base which can only be caused by skin that has been properly prepped by removing dirt, oils, and residue daily.

That is why a great makeup remover is KEY!

As someone who loves a complete face of glam, I learned the hard way that all makeup removers are not created equal. I used makeup remover wipes each night before cleanup and would ignore the smear of foundation that would be on my towel after drying off, not believing that if there was cosmetics there then there was still makeup left over on my head as well, seeping into my pores and leaving area for germs to grow.

Luckily there are tons of methods for makeup removal aside from remover wipes including cleansing balms, oils, gels, dissolving sprays even makeup removal sticks.

So after a stint of breakouts, I decided to upgrade my strategy and proceeded with a recommendation from a trusty Ulta employee. Sister to the cult-classic Lancôme’s Bi-Facil Double-Action Eye Makeup Remover, the Lancôme Bi-Facil Face Bi-Phased Micellar Water Face Makeup Remover & Cleanser has completely changed my skincare and makeup game.

I know, it’s a mouthful, but this baby is seriously powerful! The oil dissolves any makeup on the skin, then the micellar water cleanses and removes excess residue before you even rinse with your cleanser, so no more lingering makeup on your towels.

Hallelujah!

My favorites are the Sephora Collection Green Tea Cleansing & Exfoliating Wipes for skin, which are soothing, supposed to be mattifying and great for acne-prone skin. I also love the Too Faced Mascara Melt Off Cleansing Oil for eye makeup, which functions for regular or waterproof mascara!

In the long run, it doesn’t matter which method you choose, find the best products that fit in with your lifestyle, just ensure you have one that eliminates all lingering residue, trust me, it is game changing! For more check out Bell County Wildlife Removal

Technique to Release Tension

Hustle And Bustle Woman Face Arrows Stress

What if you are holding tension in your body that affects the way you think, feel, and act without you even knowing it? This unrecognized pressure keeps you in a state of subtle stress that drains your energy, makes you perpetually anxious, and sets up chronic neck pain, back pain, and illness. Over time, you can become so numb to this stress that you don’t know what deep relaxation feels like. In this post, you will learn an easy technique to release subconscious tension, so you feel fuller, freer, more relaxed, and energized in only minutes.

In the book,”Meditation: An In-Depth Guide” (Tarcher/Perigree, 2011), writers Ian Gawler and Paul Bedson tell a funny story that illustrates how most of us are accustomed to holding tension in our bodies that we don’t even know we are stressed.
Gawler and Bedson describe a participant in one of Ian’s meditation courses named Brian. Brian came to meditation course wanting to ease back and shoulder pain that had plagued him for ages. In their very first class, Ian slowly guided the class into a meditative state and then opened his eyes to check on how people were doing. (p.81, MAIG)

After the meditation was over, Ian went round the room and asked about people’s experience. When he got to Brian, Brian said through clenched teeth,”Oh, fine, very relaxed” and he appeared to mean it.

Ian had seen this many times. As a result, he used simple exercises to help individuals both become aware of anxiety and become acquainted with what relaxation feels like. After doing these exercises for a few weeks, Brian reported that”I have a lightness in my body. The backaches and shoulder pain have gone and I appear to have more energy.”

The Tension You Don’t Know You’re Holding

Tension comes from stress. Here’s how this occurs:

You are facing a challenging situation. You don’t know when you have the resources to handle this situation well.

Immediately, your amygdala, the part of your brain responsible for monitoring threatening situations, fires up. It sends alert signs throughout your body to mobilize you to action. Your hormone system switches to adrenaline mode and electric signals take through your connective tissue preparing you to be on guard.

If you’re facing a major, or life-endangering threat, this reaction is dramatic. You feel your heart race, your breathing quicken, and your muscles tense. If and when you handle the threat, these physiological responses subside and you return to a resting state of recovery.

Since the situation and the resolution are somewhat dramatic, you will likely notice and feel the results. The sensations are strong and the contrast between alarm and retrieval is great-so you can easily sense it.

But, there are two situations in which the tension doesn’t subside-and you don’t notice it. In both cases, tension is stored in your body.

The Tension of Trauma

The first instance is when a situation is dramatic and you’re not able to completely process it-it overwhelms you. Being in a car collision, being subject to physical or emotional abuse, being the victim of a crime, or experiencing intense trauma like war, will probably surpass your coping resources. In these circumstances, your stress response is initiated and your body goes into shock. Your body”freezes” in this condition. You lock into stress mode and don’t recover.

As time passes, the tension locked in your body moves to the background of your consciousness and you no longer notice it. It becomes “normal.” But it continues to influence how you think, feel, and act.

For example, you can become anxious in related conditions. You may”flashback” to the first stressful event or have persistent negative thoughts and feelings that seem to come out of nowhere. You might have persistent mental chatter regarding the traumatic event such as”I am unsafe,””I better stay on-guard,” and”the world is a dangerous location.”

These thoughts and associated feelings will continue to cycle on mind and body until you are able to consciously process and fix the injury and release the related tension.

Subtle Tension

The second cause of subconscious saved tension is much more subtle. It’s so subtle you’ll probably be totally unaware of it, until it builds into something like digestive issues, chronic back or neck pain, migraines, or cancer.

I began to notice this subtle tension when I was stretching my clients. In one lively stretch, my client lies on their back. I stand and hold them by their ankles. I rhythmically pull one leg and then the other, creating a side to side rocking motion at the hips. This is a great way to release hip and lower back tension.

As I stretched client after client this way, I would observe that most people would at first have their hips”locked,” so that I was unable to move them. I would need to say something like,”O.K. today, let your hips go.” With this simple instruction, most people could let go and find some degree of lateral motion.

I generally kept this rhythmic stretching going for at least 60 seconds, so the hips and back let go and release more and more. Yet, I would notice that a couple of seconds into the movement, many customers would lock up again. Their hips would go stiff.

Intuitively, I started to ask,”What did you get started thinking about just now?”

Invariably customers would say,”What do you mean?”

I would inform them that their hips just locked up. When I questioned them further, they would say things like,”Oh, I just started to consider this or that that I must do later,” or”I started to be worried about such and such.”

It was fascinating to see just how initiating a slightly stressful thought would immediately produce tension in the body.

How many stressful thoughts, worries, or anxious moments do you have daily? How many of these thoughts or worries are persistent? By way of example, with your finances, work, or family situations? Can you imagine how much subtle strain has stored on your body-without you even knowing it-as a consequence of stressful thoughts, worries, and concerns?

I became persistently aware of the insight as I worked with customers who had chronic neck pain and low back pain in particular. Yes, these relate to physical problems like muscle stiffness, weakness, and imbalance-AND they were invariably accompanied by stressful thoughts and feelings.

For instance, I learned that when someone has an acute attack of neck pain or back pain it is invariably traceable to a stressful event or series of events. Yet, most individuals do not make this connection. Most are searching only for bodily causes and bodily cures and don’t see the mental-emotional events that set the pain and stiffness in motion.

Recognizing and Releasing Subconscious Tension

Fortunately, your body and mind are equipped with tools to recognize and release tension and the corresponding pains, ideas, feelings, and memories. These tensions may exist in layers which take time and persistent attention to release, but it does happen if you work with it. A practice such as meditation is a gentle way to release these tensions as they arise in awareness-whether they come from traumas in the past or are momentary tensions of the present day.

Here’s another easy way to recognize and release tension in only a few minutes.

Above, we talked about how intensely stressful experiences are palpable when first experienced and noticeable when they subside-if we handle them well. There is a sharp contrast between alarm and retrieval which delivers a clear consciousness of the difference between tension and relaxation.

When I learned meditation in the Kriya Yoga tradition, the first instruction capitalized with this feeling of contrast to train a feeling of deep relaxation. The idea is simple: move your focus through your whole body, from feet and feet, to thighs, buttocks, abdomen, chest and back, shoulders, and face, first slowly tensing each area into a strong muscular contraction, then slowly releasing the regeneration until you feel the muscles fully soften.

Go ahead and give this a try only with one body part and see how it feels. It’s a fairly cool sensation.

Put one hand, palm up, in your leg. Focus on the sensation in your hand as you slowly curl it into a fist and then gently tighten it to about 70% of maximum contraction. Hold this contraction for ten seconds… Then, VERY SLOWLY release the tension until your hand is totally limp.

If you think your is completely relaxed, see if you can let go more-until your hand and fingers are softly resting on your leg, like a cloud floating in the sky. Notice how your hand feels. You may feel a lightness in your hand, a heat of flow, or just a soft, spacious feeling.

Compare the sensation to the flip side and notice any difference.

If you want to experience a deeper, whole-body state of comfort, you can perform a Contract/Relax sequence, first with both feet, then both legs, both shoulders, your abdomen, chest, back, shoulders, and face. This technique, sometimes done from head to toe, is usually called”Progressive Muscle Relaxation.” Once you’re finished, notice how your entire body feels. Record this feeling in each cell, so it creates a strong impression that you are able to return to more readily and deepen the next time you exercise.

If you practice consciously relaxing using this technique, meditation, or some other method, you’ll begin to have a reliable baseline of relaxed awareness you can live from and return to whenever you require.

Essential Horse Riding Apparel

Horse Animal Nature Animal Portrait White

Undoubtedly, if you’re a horse rider, so, safety is a substantial factor for you. You do not have to break your bank for this. This is because horse riding apparels aren’t as costly and available at the dirt cheap price. By the way of those apparels, you can enjoy horse riding without even compromising your security. Not paying attention to safety is like dicing with the death, which is not good in any fashion.

Confused, what to buy and what not to? Don’t worry this report will help you with this. Here we discuss the vital Horse Riding Apparel that’s a must for every horse rider. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get started.

A Riding Hat: It is one of the essential safety equipment that every horse rider must wear while horse riding. It protects your head in the event of a fall. Make sure the hat you buy is powerful enough to protect you from any harm.

It gives you the ability to maintain a grip on the stirrup of the saddle and protect against foot slipping, so, you can enjoy your game with no fear of falling down from the saddle.

Breeches And Jodhpurs: When you sit on the horse so you have to stretch your legs and if you aren’t comfortable in your pants, it may distract your mind from the game and chances you will fall down. Thus, it is important to get the breeches or jodhpurs for horse riding. These both are different kinds of tight fitted trousers that keep your grip on the saddle and allow you to stretch your legs conveniently.

Horse Riding Coat: A watertight horse riding coat is always a good idea since it protects you from the rain and wind at the unpredictable weather; therefore you can enjoy your ride in all conditions. Furthermore, these coats are specially designed for the riders, sothey allow good movement of the shoulders and arms.

Gloves: You can’t overlook the importance of gloves. It gives you the ability to keep a grip on the rope, so, you can comfortably hold it and move it accordingly. It gives protection to your hands and keeps them soft and scratches free.

It gives them protection and comfort at the same time. So, you should wear them before going for your next ride. After all, safety starts with”S” but starts with”You”.

Key Benefits Of Installing Wooden Shutters

Window, Shutters, Closed, Locked, Red

All of us believe in a saying that says our house is our best asset. Whichever part of the world you live in, a huge percent of us invest time, effort and money in finding the best place for us to reside in and the rest of the time is busy in designing the interiors of our house, which makes it look just right without any flaws.

In addition to all this, having wooden window shutters installed on your house will enhance its grace and appearance, providing some additional benefits. If you are also thinking to revive your property, look for the gorgeous dividers for your wooden sash windows that are currently experiencing a surge in popularity among the architectures around the uk. The wooden shutters are the most common ones and are suitable for a wide variety of interiors. Since wood is a classic material, you can use it in whatever style you want and for whatever design you’re trying to achieve.

Besides home, the renowned shutter companies are providing creative engineering and design solutions for the shutter style to go in the offices. While searching for the shutters for the office chairs, it is critical to look for those which assist in controlling the amount of light in the office premises. Get the right shutters that suit the demands and requirements of your location whether it’s home or office. Think about obtaining the louvres fitted with a silent tilt operation in addition to split tilt so that the top and bottom of the shutter panels can be operated raising the light control.

Sound and thermal insulation: The walls when closed, the wooden panels offer good heat and sound insulation. This works in two popular ways- in summers, it is possible to open the windows while maintaining the panels shut, allowing the air to flow freely while keeping sunlight heat out. The similar impact can also be given with thick and heavy curtains, by giving a more traditional look to the home space. However, for your office premises, the thicker fabric is not considered ideal.
Added privacy: The pair of shutters can cover the entire window and to let light in adjusting the louvres accordingly, making it effortless for the people to inside your dwelling. Curtains on the other side are either open or shut and so unless you’ve got net drapes, you’ll lose all type of privacy. Thus, wooden dividers are proven beneficial in regards to adding additional privacy to a place. The window shutters are therefore a good selection for the people with allergies as they are easy to keep clean. The walls require less maintenance since they may easily be wipe down with a damp cloth from time to time, maintaining their fresh look for a longer time period.
Extra curb appeal: The interior wooden shutters are one of the nicest additions that can enhance the curb appeal of this place whether it is a home or office premises. The shutters are more permanent and valuable fixture as compared to the curtains or blinds because they add a royal touch to the interiors of the house. And these fittings are even easy to remove, if in case you did not like them, you can replace them with whatever coverings you’d really like to have in your house.
UV protection: Get louvered shutters for your location because these louvres can be angled accordingly to let the light in or limit it. Maintain the panels fully-opened to allow the light flooded the room. The harmful UV rays can damage your window coverings, therefore, be sure to buy the shutters finished with a UV protection layer that will protect the paint color and the wood stain finish and may also restrict the panels from wrap.

Simple Ways Technology Can Protect

Tech, Circle, Technology, Abstract

Home security should be at the top of the priority list for anyone who cares about the safety of their family. It can be especially unsettling when you are away on holiday because your mind keeps worrying about what may be happening in your absence. Are neighbors discovering that you aren’t around? Are the windows and doors securely locked? Has someone tried to break into the home?

To help keep your mind relaxed and also to look after all these worries, you may want to think about using high-tech apparatus that will make it easy for you to keep an eye on things from anywhere through your smartphone.

1. Canary Security System

This is an all-in-one security system for the home. It comes connected to HD audio and video and a built-in siren. It works by auto-arming itself after you leave the house. The device is not easy to notice because it is intended to look like everyday house gadgets; such as light bulbs and sockets. It sends you an alert directly to your cell phone when any activity or motion is detected.

It comes with a two-way microphone, night vision, motion detector, and multi-angle cameras. The 24 LEDs automatically illuminate when they detect poor lighting conditions. Motion detection and scheduled recordings are a few of the features which make this home security system that a device of choice for most homes. As soon as you get the alert, you can view a live video stream right from your phone and call for assistance from the app.

2.

This system lets you see and speak from your smartphone to whomever drives the doorbell. It gives the visitor or stranger the impression that you’re home, scaring away potential burglars. The apparatus also has built-in movement detectors that trigger mobile alerts and record videos which you can access from your mobile phone.

3.

It’s crucial that you give equal focus to the inside as well as the outdoors of your dwelling. This is where hidden cameras come in. The indoor camera will provide you personalized alerts on your phone and records all movements within the house.

Choose a kind of outdoor camera that will keep watch over your chemical whether there’s sunshine or rain. Ensure it can withstand all sorts of weather if you want 24/7 security. Fantastic quality indoor and outdoor cameras should have inbuilt speakers and a microphone, enabling you to converse with a visitor.

Go for a camera that plugs into power so you do not have to worry about dead batteries when you are away. Just ensure that they’re strategically placed however, well concealed from sight, for appropriate recording and to prevent tampering with by intruders.

4.

Think about obtaining a smoke detector that lets you know whenever there’s a fire in your home. Additionally, it finds a carbon monoxide leak and sends an alert to your smart phone, permitting you to find the leak, or the flame. The technology behind this gadget works by utilizing a split-spectrum sensor together with an enhanced blue LED to monitor the air around it. Interestingly, you can select between the wired and the Wi-Fi versions which work on the 120v and battery setups respectively.

5.

To increase the security of your home, you will need to consider upgrading your traditional door locks with contemporary high-tech ones. On the current market, you can find latches that operate with Bluetooth-enabled mobile devices such as the iPhone.

The smart door locks include a touch-screen that’s very simple to use, in which you have to type a code rather than adding a key to unlock it. Others lock and unlock as soon as they detect your fingerprint; hence you need to configure them so. The most significant advantage is that you don’t need to be concerned about losing your keys and getting locked out.

However, ensure that you memorize the code nicely lest you also lock yourself out. It will give you an alert when it is being tampered with, so rest assured that nothing will take place in your home behind your back.

6. Phone and Key Finder

It’s imperative that you have the confidence that you can easily find your keys and phone in case you misplace them. Just consider how much time you waste when you’re searching for them around the home in the most improbable places. Although this device may not fall under the home security gadgets category, it is going to make your life easier and reduce the chances of your keys falling into the wrong hands and accessing your house illegally.

The phone-and-key finder device works by helping monitor your items with the help of a smartphone program connected to Bluetooth. By attaching a tile apparatus to an item, you can easily find it by sound, or by marking it as lost. You’ll find an alert when it’s been found.

7. Window Alarm Sensors

You might have all the security systems out there, but if your doors and windows aren’t well secured, it’s likely that your home will still be broken into while you are away. In addition to reliable lock systems, make certain you also receive door and window sensors to reinforce the security of your home. The window alarm detector comes in a sleek and simple design, is simple to install, and is discreet. The alarm goes off if it detects the window is open, a window pane is broken, or if there is drilling.

8. Burglar Decoy

A decoy gives the impression that what’s about to be done might go wrong, and the person may get caught or hurt in the process of committing a crime.

By way of instance, you can put a sticker that says”Rottweiler Security” that provides the impression that your home is under security watch by a security firm, keeping off burglars.

9. Door Brace

You can increase the security that your door provides by installing a door jammer, which prevents unwanted entry. The door security braces can be installed on nearly any type of door, and largely on residential exterior and interior doors. The braces come in various designs, ranging from those that brace the door on the ground and stretch to hook just beneath the knob, to those who are portable, yet be the powerful door braces.

10.

Light detectors are simple electronic gadgets that work by detecting infrared energy, and in this instance, they detect human body temperature and light up. They are sensitive up to a range of 12 micrometers, and they ring a bell once they detect motion.

If you use a mix of a few, or all, of these security methods, you’ll be giving your house and family top-notch security. Whether you are home or away, the last thing you need to worry about is the house being broken into, or losing your property to thieves.

Why is Pokemon go so popular

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Pokemon Go is not fresh news. It has become one of the top rated and most popular games worldwide. What really is this craze and crave for Pokémon Move?

The Pokémon Go is seemingly one of the series biggest admittance into the mobile gaming. It’s obtainable for a free download on Android and iOS. The game’s fame right now is comparable to that of Twitter’s daily active users on Android.

Pokémon Go is a game which utilizes a individual’s phone’s GPS and clock to sense where the game player is inside the game, and then conjures a Pokémon to”appear” around you inside your phone screen. The Pokémon series and games happens in a world occupied by strikingly powerful monsters. These game monsters can appear like dragons, rats, snakes, birds, eggs, trees, dinosaurs and even swords.

As you move within the game, several forms and amounts of Pokémon’s will appear randomly near your location and your phone’s time tracking. The principal goal of the game is to inspire you to trip around the real world to catch a Pokémon while inside the game scene. By utilizing your phone’s capacity to track time and your place, Pokemon Move mirrors exactly what it would be like if the critters really were drifting around. The monsters must be captured and collected.

The principal entry of St. Lucie Village Wildlife Removal games began with 151 creatures. However the catalog has since evolved into more than 720. With the Pokémon Go, only the first 151 monsters are accessible.

Pokémon Go is currently fulfilling the fantasies that Pokémon fans worldwide have had since the game’s first launching. It’s a popular game for adventurous game players, and is one of those free trending games now available. Fans should play today if they haven’t yet.

Further than attaining childhood dreams, Pokémon Go is everybody’s intro into a new kind of game which connects the real world using a virtual one that is also called Augmented Reality.

Why play this game? Since everyday actions can get boring, it can get better by spicing it up with the new craze, Pokemon Move!

Why not download the free Pokemon Go program now available on your telephone at Google Play store? New e-books for training and tricks are now available at amazon.com.

Outdoor Summer Camp Adventures That Kids Look Forward To

Outdoor Summer Out Camping Fire Barbecue C

Summers take on a new level of excitement once your kids are old enough to go to camp, and parenting now requires inventing new activities that pull your children away from their electronics. At an adventure-based summer camp, your kid won’t ever complain about spending time outside because they will be having too much fun testing their skills with new challenges. During your search for a quality summer camp, look for these favorite outdoor adventures that children look forward to all year long.

Build Survival Skills With Overnight Camping

For many kids, spending the night camping is the best adventure. During summer camp overnight trips, cabin groups get to venture out across the water and camp out in a wilderness location. There, they know how to build a campfire, establish a safe shelter and follow Melbourne Animal Removal safety rules.

Lots of people waterski at least one time in their lifetime. However, kids who go to summer camp get to dive right into watersports and discover a passion for adventure. Throughout waterskiing and wakeboarding lessons, kids gradually work through a system of skills daily until they’ve mastered the coolest tricks. Returning campers look forward to progressing in their course each summer until they are doing jumps and flips with the proficiency of a competitive skier or wakeboarder.

Soar Through the Air in Aerial Acrobatics Courses

Adventure camps take gymnastics lessons and amplify them with specialized training in aerial acrobatics. For many kids, summer camp is one of the few areas where they can strengthen their skills in the security of a state-of-the-art gym that is equipped with features like bungee systems that allow kids to safely learn to fly. Aerial silks are just one example of acrobatics where kids can learn how to conquer their fears as they perform tricks that dazzle an audience, and trampolining accents a kid’s competitive abilities in a broad assortment of sports.

Enjoy Freedom to Explore New Friendships and Fun

Although summer camp experiences are always appreciated under careful supervision, many of the greatest experiences that kids have begin with having the freedom to explore new opportunities to interact and develop new interests. During free times, kids get to venture out on the water and take part in serious drama activities such as canoe races and floating on inflatable water toys. Spontaneous kid-led sports contests are a frequent sight on the campgrounds, and the positive atmosphere created at camp stimulates kids to try things that they would have never considered trying before at home. Whether a kid enjoys working through every new height of a ropes course or flying on the Tarzan swing, each second is packed full of experience.

Kids look forward to experience camp throughout the year, and it’s common to see kids practicing the skills they learned the year before as they get ready for their upcoming summer. Whether your child was practically born with hooks and enjoys the water or they prefer to bounce their days off on a table, you may enjoy knowing that they will be full of stories when they return from their summer camp about their amazing adventures.

Child Development

Girl, Father, Portrait, Eyes, People

It’s often said that there’s the being and then there is the doing, and that both of these aspects are important. Consequently, if somebody can only embrace these aspects, they are going to be out of equilibrium.

Another way to look at this dynamic would be to be to say that there is the masculine and then there’s the feminine. When one is only being, they will be in their female; whereas when they’re doing, they’ll be in their masculine.

Lopsided

The feminine part of them will tell them that their value is based on who they are, yet the masculine portion of them will tell them that it is based on what they do. Consequently, if one has not incorporated the former, they could be out of touch with their inherent worth.

On the other hand, if one hasn’t incorporated the latter, then they won’t feel as though they need to function for anything and that everything should be offered for them. Both these scenarios will lead to problems, problems which will hold them back in one way or another.

A Machine

Therefore, when one is out of touch with their inherent worth, they may wind up trying to compensate for how useless they feel. They will believe that their value is defined by what they achieve, meaning that their entire life could revolve around attempting to achieve things.

How they feel at a deeper level will start to rise up again, making them look for something else to attain.

Stuck On a Treadmill

They won’t have the ability to achieve this gold, but they will compromise their health and wellbeing, for instance, in order to try and get it.

If they could take a step back and to reflect on what is taking place, they may see how futile this is. However, the pain that’s within them is likely to stop them from be able to do this.

Running Away

As stressful as it’s going to be for them to live in this manner, facing what is going on within them will be a lot more painful. They could believe that they only have two options: either they face how they feel and feel unworthy, or they try to change how they feel by being successful.

Consequently, this person isn’t likely to think about being, let alone allow themselves to be. They’ll be a human being, that much is clear, but that will be as far as it will go; it won’t be possible for them to act like one.

Another Option

Alternatively, someone like this could only face how they feel rather than attempt and do anything about it.

So while the individual above will have obtained a masculine approach, this person will have taken a feminine approach.

The Other Side

When it comes to someone who’s out of touch with their masculine component, they can have a strong sense of entitlement. It can be as though their mere existent gives them the right to have everything they want.

They are likely to see themselves as being special and different, so it is to be expected that they would behave in this way. There are a variety of things that could define whether or not this individual’s reality matches up with what they believe.

For Example

If somebody was to come from a well-to-do background, their family might give them what they need. There is then likely to be no need for them to work for anything, as it’ll be dropped right into their lap – that is unless their family’s financial position changes.

Because of how they look, It’s not likely to be a challenge for them to fulfil this requirement – that is until they get older

Way Back

What generally plays the largest part in an adult’s masculine and feminine development is what took place during their early years. For arguments sake, the feminine aspect is usually developed by having a mother who loves unconsciously, and the masculine part is usually developed by having a father who loves conditionally.

Each parent then plays an essential role, a role which will enable the child to grow into a balanced human being. The mother will show them that they are inherently valuable, and the father will show them that while they are valuable, that doesn’t mean they don’t have to work for things.

Competence

The mother will assist the child to cultivate self-worth and the dad will assist the child to cultivate self-esteem, and these two components are also connected.

If a child was to grow up with only one of those influences, it may set them up to experience problems as an adult. This is what happens when a child only has one parent around, but it may also occur when there aren’t two.

A Closer Look

The child might have only one parent about and this parent could always tell them how wonderful they are, or else they could abuse/or neglect them.

Then again, a child could have two parents still end up developing problems. 1 parent could be emotionally absent and another could see them as an extension of these.

A Grey Area

The love that they want will not be provided, which might set them up to behave as though they are a machine. What this shows is that It’s not enough just to have two parents; they both need to be healthy Folks

This is why it isn’t necessarily going to be better for a child to have two parents than it will be for them to have one. Having one good parent and a grandparent, for example, will be better than having two poor parents and nobody else available.

Awareness

If someone can see their side of the nature is out of equilibrium, and they want to change their life, it’ll be essential for them to reach out for support. This is something can be provided by the assistance of a therapist or a healer.

A Graphic Novel on Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden, People, Man, Face

In graphic novel form, this book examines the life and motivation of Edward Snowden, among the most famous, or infamous, people in the world.

It was the type of community where one learns not to ask their neighbor, or their partner, just what they do for a living; it is probably secret. An attempt to join the Army after 9/11 wasn’t successful. As a CIA employee, he had been stationed for a time in Switzerland. He had been exposed to other systems of values, and began to wonder if America was really the”good men.”

He left the CIA, and joined the NSA, eventually becoming a systems administrator, or sysadmin. He spent some time in Japan, which farther removed any notion that America was on the side of the angels. As a sysadmin, he had access to all sorts of classified documents that detailed America’s surveillance programs. Whenever he had a chance, he downloaded file after file onto flash drives.

Here are a couple of examples. An NSA program called”Captivated Audience” lets them track you through your smartphone and listen to conversations in your home, even if the telephone is Off. “Eatonville Rat Removal” allows the NSA to take a picture of you, at any time, using the camera in your notebook. Smart TVs, the ones that allow streaming of web content, have a camera which the government can activate at any time to watch anyone (such as the telescreens in Orwell’s”1984″).

Now working in Honolulu for an NSA contractor, one day Snowden hopped a taxi to the airport with his flash drives. His next stop was Hong Kong where he leaked his advice to a few journalists. After the worldwide bombshell, he had been planning to fly to Latin America to ask for asylum. Snowden got as far as Moscow, where he remains today.

Say what you will about Edward Snowden (he is a hero or he’s a traitor), this is a wonderful, and very easy to read, look at why he did what he did. It’s very highly recommended.

A Review of Animal Farm

Lenin, Russia, Soviet, Ussr, Leninist

Animal Farm, a masterpiece novella by George Orwell was written in 1945. It falls under novella as it is shorter and contains a less complex plot unlike a publication. The crux thing of Animal Farm is all about how Czarist Russia evolved into communist Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. Orwell used the animal farm because the backdrop representing Russia and the critters that dwelled in the farm because the who’s who in the Russian Revolution. The Animal Farm is an allegory-a narrative that uses literary devices to unveil concealed meanings and messages.

The Oxford Dictionary defines allegory as a story, poem, or picture which could be interpreted to show a hidden meaning, typically a political or ethical one. In addition to that, Animal farm can be a satire. The same Oxford Dictionary defines a satire as using humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to mock, expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of modern politics and other social problems. Animal farm fits into both these categories aptly.

At the time once the book was published, it was not that popular, didn’t control a widespread reading since Russia was an ally of the West in their struggle against German aggression under Hitler in World War II. In a clear indication of belittling the Ocoee Wildlife Removal and its communist leaders, the western world viewed it as an act of non-goodwill if they popularized the book in droves.

The writer himself wasn’t an anti-communist. In fact George Orwell is said to be a socialist who supported the belief that industries should be under the control of the working class (employees ) for the good of everyone, not only benefitting the elites, who controlled these industries. But he witnessed the tainted revolution of the communist in Russia, finally causing a change of perception.

Orwell was perplexed on how the communist had diverted, departed from their initial noble goals of seeking a classless society. Orwell’s conviction was that he owes the world a warning of how damaging unchecked authority was.

He was adamant to demonstrate another side of communism when it was taken too far with no check and balance and how the leaders of the cause succumbed to worldly pleasures, the same class bound pleasures they despised on other ideologies; hence the world got to witness the birth of Animal Farm. Orwell had used allegory to the best of effect, to criticize the hypocrisy of communism, especially its overzealous leaders, their actions and their thirst for merciless murders and mass killings to keep their status quo.

The use of pigs, of all creatures, was the acme of the novella. In the thought of a layman, pigs are idle creatures, non-productive and gleefully end as meat in many taste buds. However, Orwell was way ahead of his time. He used pigs because his protagonists and antagonists in Animal Farm for the same reasons of how modern science had revealed quite surprisingly however, about these creatures. Scientists want people to think of pigs as more than just meat. Among other talents, pigs are known to have excellent long-term memories and they are skilled at completing mazes and recognizing symbols, just like our close cousins-chimpanzees. They also have empathy and can learn from each other in classes.

Besides that, Orwell had utilized pigs as an irony, debunking all the myths surrounding these fleshy animals as idle but shrewd, gluttonous but conniving, immobile but strategist who’s vivacious in thoughts, plotting and scheming a plan subtly. Pigs are fleshy, sized creatures known for their slobs. Orwell was fast in equating some world leaders particularly in the Greek ideology states to pigs probably due to the state of hypocrisy that they lived their lives; drifting in the wealth produced by the proletariat who for a significant portion of their miserable lives remained poor and desolate, where else the leaders were fat, ugly and precariously healthy.

The Old Major in Animal Farm was a pig, portrayed as wise and old, experienced and well-respected. This was relayed to the animals, who rejoiced at the prospect of preventing themselves from the clutches of the elites – the people. Orwell used Old Important to signify Karl Marx, the founder of Communism and the Communist Party, which is based on Marxism.

The utterance also highlighted on the idealistic world of communism. Thereby, the Russian Revolution in 1917 was inspired by those who believed big in the doctrines of communism. In Marxist methodology, it initially used economic and sociopolitical inquiry to analyze and review the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change.

According to Marxist doctrines, class conflict within capitalism arises due to escalating contradictions between highly productive mechanized and socialized production performed by the proletariat (workers), and private ownership and appropriation of the surplus product in the form of surplus value (profit) by a tiny minority of private owners known as the bourgeoisie. In the Animal Farm, the bourgeoisie were represented by Mr. and Mrs. Jones, the humans who owned the animals, often ill-treating them. Mr. and Mrs. Jones can also be equated in direct reference to the last Czar of Russia – Nicholas II and his consort Alexandria who were disliked by the Russians at that time for turning Russia into World War I. Apparently, the animals exhausted their patience, started to rebel, finally booting the humans from the farm and took charge of their own destiny.

Besides Old major, another pig personality was Snowball. Snowball rose among the leaders in Animal Farm. Snowball was depicted as a lively and an ingenious personality. He was given the task of spreading the attained glory of Animal Farm throughout the neighbourhood. Snowball represents Leon Trotsky – Lenin’s second in command in the Russian Revolution and the leader of the’Red Army’ in the subsequent Russian Civil War.

Trotsky also wanted to spread the word about communism to other nations. However, fate had it differently when both Snowball and Trotsky were expunged by ruthless and corrupt people who lacked for power more than anything else.

Napoleon was another pig personality who rose as a pioneer in the novella. As opposed to influencing other creatures and working through consensus, he covertly raised nine puppies into ferocious man-eating creatures. These nine dogs were his personal army of bodyguards which he used and manipulated to achieve his goals, no matter how treacherous and brutal they were.

The KGB carried out all of Stalin’s commands religiously without fear or favour.

The false confessions of disloyalty in Animal Farm, and the subsequent executions were modeled at Stalin’s great purge in the 1930s in which anyone who’s viewed as a counter-revolutionist was killed mercilessly.

Squealer, another character in Animal Farm is a pig who constantly spread persuasive messages encouraging the leader’s goals and objectives. He reinvents the rules and history to be able to confuse the other animals in the farm. He could also represent Pravda- the communist newspaper in Russia which was the official propaganda mouthpiece of the party in the 1930s. With his wizardry like manipulative and words articulation, Squealer maintained the public (the creatures ) calm and under control with his often misleading and crooked messages and announcements.

Animal Farm serves as a reminder of how humans crave for unlimited power to rule the lives of innocent people through’divide and rule’ and’manage by fear’ approaches to accomplish their personal goals. Along that line, some made it into the history books as being exemplary or despised. This novella is excellent to be used as a reading resource for middle and high school students.

Students won’t only learn the English Language, but also the various literary devices – allegory, satire, irony, metaphor and personification that include it. The novella contains plenty of humour where the author mocks the activities of their leader and students will also have the ability to apply their thoughts from the box to identify some people had managed to obtain power, how some maintained this power whatsoever, how some misused the power entrusted on them for their personal gains and agenda, how some abused their power using violence and threats, and how some had lost to the people-power insurgencies.

Aside from that, the historic events representing this novella will offer an insight of Communism and Russian history.

A Brief on the Byzantine Empire

Hagia Sophia Ayasofya Night Sky Blue Minar

A review of The Lost World of Byzantium by Jonathan Harris is near impossible to write. The issue is the breadth and sheer extent of its topic, an issue the author confronts with both enthusiasm and endurance. And it is often a problem of which we’re unaware, precisely because we are rarely conscious of the assumptions we bring to any experience. And this is precisely why we need books like this one by Jonathan Harris, because it can cut through what we clearly don’t understand. We need to face preconceptions, because the process is always enlightening. However, the process is often hard as well.

We talk a lot of Rome, and even less of Byzantium. We hail the achievements of the former, and generally list the shortcomings of the latter. We see Rome as somehow noble, classical and correct, whereas Byzantium is often corrupt, degenerate, knavish and unsuccessful. And, as Jonathan Harris points out, we’re always describing why the Byzantine Empire eventually failed. What we rarely acknowledge is that at its height it was a broader empire than Rome’s and, importantly, it actually lasted longer than its precursor. And it was Christian from the beginning.

It is this perception of Byzantium as ultimate collapse that Jonathan Harris dispels at the beginning. Additionally it is essential that he does this, since then we could appreciate the detail of the empire’s history in its own context, instead of in a different imposed by our own preconceptions about a future it never saw. The Ottoman expansion westwards and its eventual conquest of the empire functioned to provide a wake-up call for concerted action to defend Christianity. The fall of Byzantium, however, rendered any future sectional gain irrelevant, for if the edifice fell, there would be nothing for anybody. And thus the continent changed a little after Lepanto.

Any reader of such a long and complicated history as that of the Byzantine Empire, however, must keep in mind the size and scope of the author’s task. The Lost World of Byzantium may comprise about 150,000 words, but it is hoping to pay more than a century of European history, not to mention swathes and eras of Middle Eastern, Central Asian and North African history also. We soon learn not to regard the Byzantine Empire as a purely or even primarily European phenomenon, as regular battles are fought to the south and east as well as to the north and west. What’s clearer, however, is an empire may wage war in its periphery, which war may lead to expansion or contraction of its land. But if the empire wages war against itself in the centre, then the danger to its security is existential. Jonathan Harris’s book relates several occasions when Byzantium endured such complete and wounding internecine transformations.

An enduring insight from The Lost World of Byzantium relates to this overall function of religion in these transfers of power, and specifically the capability of theology to create empires, rulers, dynasties and possibly states. Byzantium was founded on Constantine’s embracing of Christianity. However, this was only the beginning of the story as we perceive it. The ancient church was riven by schisms and heresies, notably the Arian interpretation of the nature of Christ. From the perspective of our own age, these theological differences might appear to have the significance of disagreements on the exact count of angels on a pinhead. But at the moment, theological disagreements could lead to persecution, exile and war. A long time after the early church had solved some of its self-generated conundrums, new theological differences emerged with similar consequences. It’s an excellent accomplishment of Harris’s book that it manages to increase what we now might regard as arcane to the status of living political argument. If economic advantage granted by the accomplishment and tenure of power, as ever, remained the target, the political and ideological battleground where that status was secured was frequently theological and only when we appreciate that role do we understand the history of the empire, and perhaps also the history of the earliest and much of the second millennium of the Christian era.

If there’s a criticism of this monumental work, it’s that the necessity of chronicling the incumbents of the throne sometimes make the history a mere list of tenants, a procession of kings who only seem to come and go. The Johns, the Michaels and the Constantines keep coming, forever counting, and it seems sometimes that only the figures change, as every freshman suffers his own conspiratorial destiny, often remarkably similar to that of his predecessor. There are numerous child emperors, all with their own nakedly ambitious protectors. And also history seems to reproduce itself as yet another incumbent marries to secure peace and alliance, or pursues yet another catalogued military campaign against north, south, east or west, as ever only partially successful. The muddle, it appears, tends to last.

In general, the book deserves some criticism for not including enough description of the social and economic conditions within the empire. Such diversity, both ethnic and religious, needs more detail to provide a picture of its complexity. There’s not much that conveys any sense of what it was to live even in Constantinople, itself, let alone the Byzantine Empire as a whole. But then, with a job of this size, any author has to be selective. Jonathan Harris simply could not have included material of the kind without doubling the size of an already massive book. And, given the writer’s commitment and dedication to his subject, this absence needs to provoke many readers to explore more of his output. This facet surely has also been covered elsewhere.

What’s included are descriptions of greens and blues, Pechenegs, Basils, various Phokases and numerous Theodoras, alongside Abbasids, Seljuks, Fatimids and hordes of Constantines. If even one of those hits a blind spot, then Jonathan Harris’s book will help provide the missing understanding. If anything, it is surely comprehensive. History is always about much more than our preconceptions and all good writing on the subject should remind us of this fact. The Lost World of Byzantium provides a superb opportunity to learn much about this neglected, but crucial age of history.

Brief on Yugoslavia

Map Austria Hungary Bosnia Yugoslavia Bree

To most folks twentieth century Yugoslavia was essentially a multi-ethnic dream that ended tragically in the 1990s in a virulent civil war, largely concentrated on but not restricted to Bosnia.

Thus you may ask why I took up this book by Fred Singleton written in the mid 1970s when Tito was still alive. Well the answer is simply I wanted to investigate the circumstances which led to the first major armed conflict in Europe since the end of the Second World War and more specifically the lessons in it for additional multi-ethnic states like mine. For of one thing we can be sure and that is that the Yugoslav civil war was not one of a kind and would not be the last at the break-up of multi-ethnic states. What’s significant about Yugoslavia is the southern Slavs were united for as long as they were, through much of the twentieth century into a single entity, first as a kingdom and afterwards as a republic.

Why then did things grow as they did? Was Tito the central figure who held everything together? These are the obvious questions that strike us on any consideration of the Yugoslav issue. To answer the second question first it would be worthwhile reading the latest book on the issue by Robert West,’Tito and the Rise and Fall of Yugoslavia.’ I have not as yet but do intend to. However certain obvious things happen to us even before reading that book and that is that Yugoslavia existed though in another form even before Tito’s coming on the scene. Secondly Tito did not preside over a typical communist state under the stewardship of the L.Y.C. For example private enterprise and tourism were permitted to flourish at a time when they had been heresy into the Communist world. Tito might be considered a mild dictator in that respect. He however did enable a country with small resources to punch above its weight in global affairs. However he also showed Yugoslavia was able to diversify its options when Cominform turned its back on the country. The remarkable aspect of this independence was that it did not result in a Soviet invasion as happened in Czechoslovakia or Hungary. This must be attributed entirely to Tito’s leadership.

Yugoslavia and the Soviet Collapse

Many are tempted to view the Yugoslav civil war from the prism of the Soviet collapse but in my view there are limitations to such a perspective. For example Yugoslavia wasn’t a typical communist state as mentioned earlier. However the de-legitimization of the L.Y.C. ideology, of what was a one-party state proved deadly. Undoubtedly the hand of Tito would have been a steadying factor in steering the nation through a tricky period but this was not to be. A favorite Western premise is that the growth of ethnic nationalists like Milosevich contributed to the civil war. However this ignores the fact that cultural loyalties were always paramount in Yugoslavia and had caused Tito to warn of a possible collapse of the federation based on Fred Singleton. Similarly the cleavage between Roman Catholicism of Croatia and Eastern Orthodoxy of Serbia proved too combustible since it reflected fundamentally different cultural traditions.

Yugoslavia definitely started out well but the failure to create institutions and foster democratization ultimately proved fatal. Economic liberalization alone was not enough. Similarly geography also proved aggressive as the mountainous terrain of the nation impeded the development of national infrastructure which may have welded the nation into a cohesive entity. As far as Fred Singleton’s comprehensive work on the subject is concerned the book’s biggest lacunae is of course that it came out too soon, before the twentieth century was truly over. One wishes he had waited for the 1990s to finish and introduced a chapter on the civil war.

From a modern perspective the chapters on nationalism and geography are of topical interest. While the ex-Yugoslavs May Not consider a revival of their dead country they would do well to facilitate cooperation among themselves through multilateral frameworks for the sum is always greater than the parts and this is nowhere more evident than in the Balkans now

bye bye europe

Brexit, Uk, Eu, Britain, Europe

Robert Oulds’ book, Everything You Wanted to Know About the EU, published in 2013, is still timely and much more applicable than when first printed; I doubt whether some of its central contentions have been subsequently disproved, and we all have to welcome are some updates on the data that are probably likely to further confirm his central contentions. In fact a number of the events since 2013, especially the Syrian immigration crisis, must add more weight to his or her position. Yes, but being partisan does not disqualify you from having an informed opinion, or further from being right. The purpose of criticism is to see the object for what it is and to do that one has to understand one’s own subjectivity initially and build that into the equation. This I think Robert Oulds has admirably done; and for the integrity of the review I ought to disclose that I have known Robert for several years and respect him as a buddy.

The book contains a brief introduction and then has 7 meaty chapters covering in greater detail than most people would prefer the economic, legal, political, historic workings of the EU, especially as they relate to the UK. The names of these chapters are: A Snapshot of the EU, The Trouble with the EU, A Question of Influence, The Alternatives for Britain, Which Way Out, The Implications of Withdrawal, Alternatives to the EU, and these are followed by a Concluding chapter and a couple of useful appendices. There has been much criticism lately of the quality of the debate: that it lacks real information, real analysis, and is all about’bullet-points’ every side fires in the other. Well, if you feel that is the case, read this book. Instead of bullet points, Oulds provides chapter, verse and data on all the critical issues; farther, he also provides a balanced comment. To put this in perspective: in which the EU does benefit the UK he’s not slow in admitting it. However, with Oulds, the crucial issue is always the balance of arguments: the cost-benefit analysis Quite simply, so that in reading the book one increasingly feels that although there are a few great things about being in the EU, yet there are so many negatives too the position of staying there to any rational mind is untenable.

What, then, of some of his arguments? What have I found particularly compelling in reading this work? First, I really do like his general observations about how things operate. This is like discussing first principles. A good example occurs in chapter 2, The Trouble with the EU, when he sees:”Political unions aren’t needed for commerce; in reality from enhancing trade politics and politicians really create barriers to trade.” Are not we guilty in the UK of a double-think here? All of us know that political interference in business is catastrophic, thus the need during the past 40 years to de-nationalise numerous chronically underperforming industries; knowing that, how then is it consistent for Britain’s corporate leaders to claim business would be better in the EU, which is just not’state-run-regulated’ but’supra-state run’? When you think of this, it’s foolish: FOOTSIE 100 Chiefs asking the UK Government for less red-tape and regulation and then implying the only hope for our company and market is being in the EU. To put that in perspective, chapter 7, Alternatives to the EU, makes a telling point. Switzerland isn’t a member of the EU, but still trades with it under two bilateral arrangements. It therefore must accept – on its terms – some limitations, but as Oulds notes:”Since the beginning of 1993, when the Single Market came into being, the Swiss have adapted their legal code to bring it into line with only approximately two thousand EU legislative instruments. The U.K., along with other EU members, has however had more than 20,000 enforced from above”. If we then look at the expenses of the, as Oulds does in enormous detail, the Bilateral agreements enabled them to have access to the market at a cost to them of 550 million Swiss France’s a year; whereas if they were to have full EU membership the cost would increase to 4.9 Billion Swiss Francs – a nine fold increase. And this”excludes the expense of the inevitable growth in EU legislation”! In other words, the 18,000 legislative acts they missed since 1993 – and more because 2013!!! These figures, incidentally, aren’t made up by Oulds but according to the Swiss Federal Council’s own study included within their Europe Report.

More important than any of the foregoing, however, important as those points are, is the more general proof that belonging to the EU is a recipe for terminal economic decline. Citing the work of Professor Jean-Jacques Rosa, a French economist,”It [the EU] enforces and enhances the rents of large, older business firms and bureaucracies and freezes the hierarchical structure of both industry and political production in a moment when invention, new smaller firms, and lighter government are required. It is a recipe for accelerated decline.” Certainly, this should resonate with us? We know that entrepreneurialism depends on flexibility, innovation and vision – the exact reverse of what the EU provides us by being members.

Robert Oulds provides many more examples of where the EU works against our interests as Brits, and I’ve barely mentioned the significant sovereignty and democracy arguments. Space prohibits my outlining here, suffice to say, as one significant point that Oulds explores: the growth of the political right wing in Europe, which the EU likes to characterise itself as the champion against, is almost certainly (and especially in the 3 years since his book was published) a result of the EU: the’democratic deficit’ is being felt everywhere across Europe, and instead of creating stability and security the EU is fomenting widespread resistance to its imperialist and non-democrat diktats, resulting in extremism.

But to return the economic problem, it would be best to end on a positive note, for if we leave the EU, what choices do we have? As Oulds describes: quite a lot! He goes into fine detail the situation appertaining to various international organisations and scenarios, two of those organisations, one obscure to most of us, and one well known, hold out massive expectation for our progress and success in the wider world should we opt to leave the EU. These two businesses are EFTA, the less well known, and the Commonwealth of Nations itself. Briefly, on the former, it’s noticeable, if somewhat inconvenient to the EU, that the four European countries that are now members – Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein – have some of the highest standards of living for their populations of any countries anywhere in the world. So much for suffering by not really being in the EU. One significant statistic that Oulds cites is that in 2011 EFTA exported $189.2B value of good to the EU; the USA itself only managed $90B. This is pretty phenomenal stuff, but if we believe the Commonwealth, and also the option of re-activating that option, then what’s possible could truly amaze us.

John Cridland, former Director General of the Confederation of British Industries, said in 2001:”We have concentrated too much on Europe – we need to get out and build export markets in the rest of the world”. Currently, of course, the”UK is prevented from creating its own unique bilateral investment treaties on its own terms with Commonwealth nations, but also the EU prevents the UK from reaching trade agreements with these tigers [economies within the Commonwealth]”. Lest we forget the Commonwealth comprises”54 countries stretching across every inhabited continent on the planet; even Europe in which the UK isn’t the only member. Both Malta and Cyprus are members of the Commonwealth.” More impressively still:”The inhabitants of the Commonwealth is nearly two and a quarter billion people, approaching a third of the planet’s population, living on more than eleven and a half million square miles; nearly a quarter of the earth’s land mass. What is more, this territory is full of natural resources, which not only provide the global market with the commodities that enable growth but can also give its member states real potential.” Since Oulds goes on to observe:”Currently, the Chinese are forging links with these resource rich states; the UK’s Eurocentric orientation is making Britain lose out on the abundant opportunities overseas.” If it goes on like this, it certainly will make sorry reading in 20 years from now for the UK.

There’s much more to say about this wonderful book, but space prohibits. It is an essential book for those who genuinely wish to reach out to some of the facts underpinning this debate and to move away from fear and slander: the idea that just nutters and Little-Englanders could possibly wish to move away from our lovely Big Brother, the EU.

But I have to end on one crucial note about this book, good as it is: given the caliber of research and the citations used, the lack of an index is a major flaw; maybe a new, updated edition – timely today – will correct this otherwise amazing read.

If you would like to find out more about what motivates you, go

Election 2016

Presidential, 2016, American Flag

The issue is that 90% of the stuff is pure garbage (or satire) from either side.

Hillary’s integrity issues are entirely different, from Mr. Trump’s, but they’re on their own merit profoundly repugnant to many of us exactly the same. While Hillary’s skeletons have until lately been under lock and key behind closed doors, Trump has played out each and every one of his personal melodramatic gaffes & predatory business dealings in the gleaming light of the public eye.

This really doesn’t paint the idyllic scene we hoped for, but it’s the result of our own decisions because whether we would like to admit it or notas a people we do ultimately control how it finishes.

If you didn’t want Trump or Hillary, the time for deciding that was during the primaries, so there’s really nobody to blame but ourselves for this lose-lose choice we have this year.

So what do we do for this selection? I can’t believe it’s come to this, however: ignore integrity… That’s right. There’s little to be had on either side, so if your most important quality in a leader is integrity, then you never made it out of the gate this year.

Who gives you the Supreme court choices you desire?
The list continues on and on, but the point is that this year, character has been thrown aside. So what are we left with? We are truly left with just one defining question: What will they do for or to the country if they win?

Lots of you hate one or both of these and are foaming at the mouth to point out their every flaw on each side, but it is pointless. To some degree which can be personally cathartic, but we all have an A vs. B choice to make this year if you don’t decide on another option and efficiently remove yourself from the process & permit the rest of us to select for you… Heck, as much as half the nation sits out nearly every election and doesn’t even bother to register, so what is a couple million more watching from the sideline snuggling with their preferred lost cause?

The choice is fairly clear when you look at the policies each candidate promotes. Regardless of which side you stand behind, this year ethics won’t be a factor because both of them are critically flawed people and make all people pray to God that the choice we make won’t go horribly wrong for us all in the end.

No matter what; one thing is almost always certain: You’re not going to change my mind and I am unable to change yours , but let’s at the very least be adult about it and keep the conversation civil. Stop throwing insults at each other simply because we pick one”Bad Choice” over the other. Let’s not be like our current candidates; let’s be civil with each other and respect each other’s choices in how we each exercise our collective right to vote our own conscience.

You may think I am an idiot and I may think some people are confused & betrayed, but our choice of politics does not make us good or evil, it just makes us Americans; doing the best we can with what we have.

I’ve seen family members disown each other over political views and that’s pure foolishness. When the dust settles, we’re all in this together and good or bad; we will all end up paying the same price for our collective decision in the end, whatever that might be.

You may ultimately do one of 3 things: hold your nose and chose A or B, or run from the decision and sit out and watch the rest of us choose for you. Do not kid yourself; choosing another candidate IS sitting it out.

Just remember: Every time we make a choice, the people of this nation have a chance and the hope we all share is that by coming together as a country to exercise that right, we could also help make this nation better and stronger for all of us, and our children as well.

God bless the Republicans; each one. .